Autothermal Direct Air Capture System for Carbon Dioxide
• CO2 capture from ambient air
• CO2 concentration for industrial use
Benefits and Advantages
• Lower operating costs due to self-heating process
• Process requires only air, water, and electrical energy as inputs
• Fully contained from capture through concentration/compression
Research at Arizona State University has led to the development of an autothermal CO2 process that delivers concentrated, nearly pure CO2 from captured dilute CO2. Central to this innovation is a sorbent filter that releases water when exposed to ambient air during the CO2 capture stage, and then also absorbs water during the sorbent regeneration stage. The heat released from the sorbent during water absorption in the regeneration stage is used for steam generation to further hydrate the sorbent material, resulting in a self-amplifying effect. Thus, the process relies heavily on internally generated heat for the evaporation of water and the increase in system temperature. Operating costs for such an autothermal process can be much lower than for capture processes that use other energy sources to supply heat.
Capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from air or other dilute sources is fundamental to combating climate change by reducing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Additionally, advancements in purification and concentration of captured CO2 can add economic value to industrial markets using carbon as an input. However, until the operating expenses (especially energy costs) associated with CO2 processing become less prohibitive, carbon-processing industries will continue to look toward other carbon sources.
Faculty Profile of Professor Klaus Lackner